New AMI CO12294B-01 POKEY chips.
The Pot Keyboard Integrated Circuit (POKEY) is a digital I/O chip found in the Atari 8-bit family of home computers and many arcade games in the 1980s. It was commonly used to sample (ADC) potentiometers (such as game paddles) and scan matrices of switches (such as a computer keyboard). POKEY is also well known for its sound effect and music generation capabilities, producing a distinctive square wave sound popular among chip tune aficionados. The LSI chip has 40 pins and is identified as CO12294. POKEY was designed by Atari employee Doug Neubauer, who also programmed the original Star Raiders. Some of Atari's arcade systems used multi-core versions of POKEY that placed 2 or 4 POKEY chips in a single package allowing more sound voices.
No longer manufactured, POKEY is now emulated in software by classic arcade emulators (e.g. MAME) and Atari 8-bit emulators.
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